Cyprus Tourist Attractions

General Information

The Republic of Cyprus is one of the biggest islands on the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily and Sardinia. It is located in the northeastern part of Mediterranean Sea, near to Asia Minor coast, Turkey is 70 kilometers far away, Syria 100 kilometers and Greece 800 kilometers. A very diverse shoreline of Cyprus is 720 kilometers long. The Mesaoria plain, which is about 100 kilometers long and 20-30 kilometers broad, is surrounded by the Kyrenia mountains in the north and by the Troodos Mountains in the southeast. The highest peak of the Troodos Mountains is Mount Olympus at 1,952 meters. It’s also interesting that during most of the time in winter the highest parts of mountains are covered by a couple of millimeters of snow.

The earliest history of Cyprus is connected with Greek colonization and with Hellenistic influences. Later Cyprus was ruled by Persia, Assyria and Egypt and then for more than nine centuries the island was under Byzantium’s rule. By the end of 19th century Cyprus became a British colony and its independence was gained in 1960, but unfortunately for a short period of time. In 1974 the island was invaded by Turkey which started to occupy the northern part of the island. As a result of the social conflict there, it was divided into two parts: the Greek and Turkish one. Nevertheless, only the Greek government is recognized internationally. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is recognized only by Turkey. The capital city of Cyprus- Nicosia is one of the last cities in the world which are divided by a wall.

Cyprus has a population of about 750,000 including Greeks, who account for 78% of the population, Turks, who account for 18%, and other nationalities living mainly in the Greek part of the island. Official languages are: Greek, Turkish and English. The majority of people, especially Greeks, belong to the Orthodox Church. About 20% of the whole population constitute Turks whose religion is Islam.

In spite of political and social problems, which Cyprus had to face during the last decades, the island is a huge tourist undertaking. The number of hotels, which stand almost everywhere, even there, where there was nothing apart from bushes and dunes, proves this fact. Moreover, all changes happen very quickly. Nevertheless, these changes do not disturb tourists who use to return to the island just to take a walk along streets of the picturesque and bustling resorts and to admire the exotic nature of this place at the same time. But Cyprus doesn’t only mean sandy and golden beaches, but also the wealth of cultural monuments and thoroughly cultivated tradition.

No matter what part of the season it is, almost in every part of the island many exhibitions, concerts, theatrical spectacles, and folk feasts are organized. A very rich folk art in Cyprus, which secrets are passed from generation to generation by the inhabitants of the island, is also worth mentioning.

Check other Cyprus tourist attractions and interesting places.