Bulgaria Tourist Attractions

General Information

The Republic of Bulgaria with its capital city in Sofia is a country situated in Southeastern Europe and on the Black Sea coast. This country, which is situated on the border of Asia and Europe, is located in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula and borders on Greece, Serbia and Montenegro, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania and Turkey. Among the inhabitants of Bulgaria there are ethnic Bulgarians, who account for about 85% of the population, and a smaller population of Turks. The predominant religion is the Autocephalous Bulgarian Orthodox Church.

Although very diverse landscapes may be observed in the relatively small area of this country, Bulgaria is mostly an upland and mountain area, where the average height amounts to 470 meters. The long range of the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina) runs parallel through the middle of the country. The highest mountain ranges of The Balkan Peninsula – Rhodope Mountains, Pirin and Rila Mountains with the highest peak in Bulgaria- Musala (2925 meters) constitute the borderland with Greece, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro.

Bulgaria has also about 400 kilometers of the seacoast and the Danube River which constitutes almost the whole borderline between Bulgaria and Romania. There are also more than 300 lakes in Bulgaria. The biggest of them, which are lagoon lakes, are situated close to the seacoast. The biggest number of small and post-glacial lakes is in Pirin and Rila Mountains.

The number of natural springs of mineral water, which have various temperatures and are estimated at a couple of hundred, is undoubtedly a great attraction of this country. In addition to that, curative waters are obtained with the help of four hundred deep wells. These waters are very diverse as far as the degree of their mineralization, mineral composition, temperature and curative properties are concerned. The majority of mineral water supplies is located in highlands. The biggest number of springs is in the neighborhood of Velingrad. Among well- known health resorts there are: Narechen, Varshets, Kyustendil and Sapareva Banya.

There are also three national parks and ten nature reserves where the untouched nature heritage is preserved. Many natural places with an unparalleled biological diversity are preserved. Among plants there are more than 250 unique plant varieties which exist nowhere else in the world. Forests, which account for about 35% of the whole area, abound with wild forest fruit and mushrooms. The Pirin National Park and Sreburna Lake Reserve and are listed in the UNESCO List of World Heritage.

Bulgaria is a very attractive country for tourists mainly due to its picturesquely located sandy beaches which are surrounded by the dense pine forests and luxury hotels. Sixteen beaches were awarded the Blue Flag International prize which is awarded for clean beaches.

Numerous investments in the tourist industry, new hotels and renovation of the old ones resulted in the increase in Bulgaria’s popularity. Due to this fact, hotels in the biggest resorts in Bulgaria are no worse than the hotels in the Spanish Costa Brava or the French Azure Coast.

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